The Stockholm convention’s decision to eliminate Endosulfan has come as a personal victory to those who were vigorously protesting for the Ban of Endosulfan. Endosulfan is one of the most toxic pesticides available in the market. It has been banned in over 80 nations due to its high toxicity, potential for bio accumulation, and role as an endocrine disruptor. It has been used in agriculture around the world to control insect and pests. India is the heaviest user and producer of Endosulfan. Been a cheap insecticide it was widely used by Indian farmers.
The relation between Endosulfan and human miseries had come to the light for the first time in Kerala in the 1980s when several cases of ailments and deaths were reported in the Kasargod district of Kerala where a number of villages were severely affected by Endosulfan. The pesticide Endosulfan has been aerially sprayed on a cashew nut plantation in the Kasargod District from the mid 1970s which resulted in cause of diseases and ailments. Almost a decade back, the National Institute of Occupational Health, upon the directive of Indian Council of Medical Research, had presented a report to the Government of India linking the use of endosulfan to the prevalence of health disorders.
Many studies point out that it has been dreadfully toxic to humans, fish and other aquatic life. It causes a plethora of adverse effects, including death, disease, and birth defects, among humans and animals. The toxicity would result in cancer, allergies and hypersensitivity, damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems, reproductive disorders, and disruption of the immune system. Over 3 decades of campaign in the affected Kasargod district of Kerala has resulted in numerous studies, reports and fact finding missions and finally a ban over the toxic pesticide.