Sea of Cortez

Posted by on Jun-27-2009

Mexican coast and climate always fascinated me. I would die for a vacation in Mexico. Savoring the spicy Mexican food is always appealing. But the “star attraction” is the Sea of Cortez, the captivating beaches along its coast, the beautiful water and the beautiful sun. It’s like a dreamland.

Who should I thank for this bliss of nature? Should I thank the tectonic forces, which rifted the Baja California Peninsula off of the North American Plate? Or should I thank the Colarado river?

The Gulf of California, as it is officially called, is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula from the Mexican mainland. It is bordered by the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, and Sinaloa. The Gulf is believed by many to have opened up 5.3 million years ago, redirecting the flow of the Colorado River. Rivers like the Fuerte, Mayo, Sinaloa, Sonora, and the Yaqui flow into the Gulf of California . It is locally called as the “Sea of Cortez” and has surface area of 160,000 square kilometer.

I am not the lone lover of this area, got company. A lot of marine species -mammals, fish, crabs and lobsters love this beautiful area and that’s why the narrow sea is home to a unique and rich ecosystem. Apart from a lot of endemic indigenous species, there are also a great deal of migratory visitors (like me). Humpback Whale, California Gray Whale, Killer Whale, Manta Ray, Leatherback Sea Turtle and the world’s largest animal, the Blue Whale, are some of the guys who are found of the place and visit it frequently during their nomadic drifts. On the other hand guys like Fin whales and Sperm whales have decided to settle down in this beautiful paradise.

Not only the big guys dwell in this place, it is also home for smaller species. There are about 3000 varieties of marine species that enjoy the lush beauty of this heaven. No wonder the region has a rich history of commercial fishing. A lot of species, however, have been endangered by the excessive fishing, resulting in the imbalance in the ecosystem. The Mexican government have taken steps to protect the area by creating a “Conservation Zone” but the plans have not been enforced effectively yet.

The thousands of kilometers of coastline are remote and difficult for police patrolling.
The politically powerful commercial fishing industry has been slow to embrace even economically viable conservation measures.

The History Channel documented a 60 ft. long shark in the Sea of Cortez. The locals called it “The Black Demon”. They believed it to be the Megalodon, a super predator shark long thought to be extinct. They had numerous sightings of the creature. Divers went under water but only discovered a whale shark.

I knew it would not be a Megaladon, because a villain like him won’t dare to disturb this ecstasy… the ecstasy of Sea of Cortez.

  1. Gulf of california Said,

    Thanks for sharing this post. The Gulf of California, also called the Sea of Cortez .You can see town of Tijuana, YOu can see bull fighting and Jai Alai, a Spanish ball court game. The Sierra de la Laguna Biosphere Reserve. marine life of the Gulf is attract tourist.

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