According to Hindu mythology the Vedas are god made. But still there is a classification . The first three – Rig ,Yagur, Sama are considered as supreme than the fourth ‘Atharva’. And this is something which I don’t understand.
Athrava is the Vedic collection of hymns used by the Atharvan priests in the domestic rituals. Because of its lack of connection to the larger, more public Vedic sacrifices, the Atharva Veda early on was relegated to a secondary position and denied the title Veda accorded the trayÄ vidyÄ or threefold knowledge, i.e. the Rig, SÄma, and Yajur Veda. The Atharvan school responded by claiming the office of the domestic priest (purohita) and officiating priest (brahman), by adding a final section of hymns devoted specifically to one of the major sacrifices, the soma sacrifice, and by expounding a tradition of the fourfold Veda. The Atharva Veda consists of sundry hymns not easily divided into these categories. Charms, curses, hymns intended for healing, recovering, or inflicting injury are mixed with hymns of praise and speculation.
The Atharvaveda Parishishtas (appendices) state that priests of the Mauda and Jalada schools of the Atharvaveda should be avoided, or strict discipline should be followed as per the rules and regulations set by the Atharva Veda. It is even stated that women associated with Atharvan may suffer from abortions if pregnant women remain while the chants for warfare are pronounced.
The concept of Atharva Veda is an amalgamation of Aryan and non-Aryan ideals. The existence of the demons and God is believed by the Atharva Veda and by offering them homage to induce the negative forces to abstain from doing harm. Atharva contains the incantations and hymns. Atharva-Veda is the source of an idea of demonology prevalent among the superstitious tribes of India and has certain elements in common with the Upanishads and the Brahmanas. Even in the magical portion of the Atharva-Veda there is the Aryan influence. The old title of the Atharva-Veda, “Atharvangirasah,” shows that there were two different strata in it, one of Atharvan and the other of Aiigiras. The former refers to auspicious practices used for healing purposes while latter was the hostile practices belonging to the Angirases. The first is medicine and the second is witchcraft, and the two are mixed up in the concept of Atharva Veda.
The Atharvaveda is considered by many to be as dark and secret knowledge, pertaining to the spirits and the afterlife. In the Mahabharata, when the Pandavas are exiled to the forests for thirteen years, Bhima, being frustrated, suggests to Yudhisthira that they consult the Atharvaveda, and “shrink time, and hereby compress thirteen years to thirteen days…”
The truth is Atharava is not just a ‘Black Book’ the first strata of Atharva Veda, Atharvan, which refers to auspicious practices used for healing diseases, forms the basis of Ayurveda. Ayurveda traces its origins to Atharvaveda in particular, which was further fostered by Sushruta Samhita of Sushruta and Charaka Samahitha of Charaka.
In the modern world , its this Ayurveda, of which every Indian is proud. The place of Ayurveda in Indian tradition, heritage, culture and even modern day economy is unparalleled. The westerners who enjoy and encourage ‘Slum dog millioners’ undoubtedly agree and appreciate the vast possibilities and potentials of Ayurveda.
When every one speaks gallantly about Ayurveda, its foundation, Atharva is considered as a mere book of black magic.
This is the world. Real performers, real contributors are not recognized . Often overshadowed by the curse of destiny.