Posted by on Dec-11-2010

WikiLeaks, the name sounds familiar right? Yeah it sounds similar to Wikipedia. On hearing the term WikiLeaks anybody would feel that it’s affiliated to Wikipedia but they have no connection with each other. The confusion is due to the word ‘Wiki’ in both the terms and to a user it looks much similar.

WikiLeaks is an international non-profit organization which is aims to bring important news and information to the public through anonymous sources and leaks. It was launched in 2006 and within a year the site claimed a database that had grown to more than 1.2 million documents. The primary objective of WikiLeaks is to expose oppressive regimes and to reveal unethical behavior in government and corporations in any region. The creator of WikiLeaks has not been identified but it has been represented by Julian Assange and others since January 2007.

It was launched as a user editable site like wiki where anybody can post and edit. In WikiLeaks, the leakers can post the documents where their identity would remain anonymous and the users can discuss it publicly and analyze its credibility. But now it is no longer possible for anybody to post to it or edit it. Instead, submissions are regulated by an internal review process and some are published, while document which do not fit the editorial criteria are rejected by anonymous WikiLeaks reviewers. The reviewers of WikiLeaks investigate the background of the leaker if his or her identity is known.

WikiLeaks is hosted by PeRiQuito (PRQ) AB, a Swedish Internet service provider and web hosting company. It is the same ISP host which became famous for hosting BitTorrent website The Pirate Bay. The Swedish law according to which forbids the government for any administrative authority to make inquiries about the sources of any type of newspapers and the PRQ service which doesn’t hold any information about their clients helped the WikiLeaks to remain Offline. WikiLeaks maintains its own servers at undisclosed locations, keeps no logs and uses military-grade encryption to protect sources and other confidential information.

WikiLeaks have exposed many major stories like the Collateral Murder, Afghan War Diary, The Iraq war Logs in major media outlets. ‘Collateral Murder’ which was released in April 2010 was a video from an incident in 2007 in which the Iraqi civilians and journalists were killed by U.S. forces in 2007. In the same year in July, it released Afghan War Diary, a compilation of more than 76,900 documents about the War in Afghanistan. In October, the group released a package of almost 400,000 documents called the Iraq War Logs in coordination with major commercial media organizations. In November 2010, it began releasing U.S. State department diplomatic cables which gave people around the world an unprecedented insight into the US Government’s foreign activities.

WikiLeaks does not censor any material for which it had won the 2008 Economist Index on Censorship Freedom of Expression. It has also won the 2009 Amnesty International human rights reporting award UK Media Award (New Media) for publishing “Kenya: The Cry of Blood – Extra Judicial Killings and Disappearances” which was a report by the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights about police killings in Kenya. Due to its very nature it had faced many legal and illegal attacks which includes the Chinese Public Security Bureau, the Former president of Kenya, the Premier of Bermuda, Scientology, the Catholic & Mormon Church, the largest Swiss private bank, and Russian companies which it has successfully overcome since its inception in 2007.

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