Posted by on Mar-6-2011

Yoga refers to traditional physical and mental disciplines that originated in India. The Sanskrit word yoga has many meanings, and is derived from the Sanskrit root “yuj,” meaning “to control,” “to yoke” or “to unite.” Translations include “joining,” “uniting,” “union,” “conjunction,” and “means.” It is also possible that the word yoga derives from “yujir samadhau,” which means “contemplation” or “absorption.” This translation fits better with the dualist Raja Yoga because it is through contemplation that discrimination between prakrti (nature) and purusha (pure consciousness) occurs. Yoga, the Sanskrit word for “union”, is a practice that uses posture and breathing techniques to induce relaxation and improve strength, and its health benefits may surpass those of any other activity.
Each of the yoga poses has specific physical benefits. The duration of each pose should be increased gradually. The poses can be done quickly in succession and thus creating heat in the body through movement, or they can be done more slowly to increase stamina and perfect the alignment of a pose. Although the poses themselves do not change, the relationship to them will. There are warm-up poses, standing poses, seated poses, twist poses, supine poses, inverted postures and balance poses, backbends, and finally finishing poses and each of these poses helps you to increase strength and flexibility, at the same time makes a person become more aware of their posture, invigorating their whole body.
The physical benefits of yoga are myriad. Yoga keeps the body strong, as it involves all the muscles in body to hold and balance yoga asanas (poses). The various yoga postures strengthen your feet, legs, hands, abdominals, lower back, legs, and shoulders. Yoga’s stretching and breathing exercises improve your flexibility, helping joints, tendons, and muscles stay limber. People suffering from osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis will see a noticeable improvement in their stiffness, pain, and other arthritic symptoms by practicing yoga poses and postures. Yoga improves your endurance, especially the more athletic forms of yoga such as ashtanga yoga, power yoga, vinyasa yoga, and Bikram yoga. These rigorous yoga practices follow a specific sequence of poses (asanas) that become more challenging as you progress. Unlike the gentler hatha yoga, the forms of ashtagna yoga, power yoga, vinyasa yoga, and Bikram yoga require you to keep your body in constant motion between poses, resulting in a strenuous cardiovascular workout and improved core strength.
Yoga benefits anyone’s mental health by helping him or her relax, and it is an effective form of psychological therapy. Yoga reduces anxiety and stress, resulting in better health, better mood, and better concentration throughout the day. Yoga has been used to help treat a wide variety of emotional and mental disorders, including acute anxiety, depression, and mood swings.
The regular practice of yoga will create multiple and noticeable benefits to health.

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